Course Descriptions

ACA-090: Student Success Strategies

This course is intended to provide students with skills and strategies to promote success in college, career, and life. Topics include the College's physical, academic, and social environment, promotes personal development, and cultivates learning strategies essential for student success. Upon completion, students should be able to manage their learning experiences to meet educational and life goals.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ACA-111: College Student Success

This course introduces the college's physical, academic, and social environment and promotes the personal development essential for success. Topics include campus facilities and resources; policies, procedures, and programs; study skills; and life management issues such as health, self-esteem, motivation, goal-setting, diversity, and communication. Upon completion, students should be able to function effectively within the college environment to meet their educational objectives.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:1
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ACA-115: Success & Study Skills

This course provides an orientation to the campus resources and academic skills necessary to achieve educational objectives. Emphasis is placed on an exploration of facilities and services, study skills, library skills, self-assessment, wellness, goal-setting, and critical thinking. Upon completion, students should be able to manage their learning experiences to successfully meet educational goals.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:1
Class Credits:0
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ACA-120: Career Assessment

This course provides the information and strategies necessary to develop clear personal, academic, and professional goals. Topics include personality styles, goal setting, various college curricula, career choices, and campus leadership development. Upon completion, students should be able to clearly state their personal, academic, and professional goals and have a feasible plan of action to achieve those goals.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:1
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ACA-121: Managing a Team

This course focuses on the process of the individual with an awareness of the reality in the collective teamwork approach for the workplace emphasizing process-orientation. Topics include how teams work, team effectiveness, team-building techniques, positive thinking, and leadership principles. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an understanding of how teamwork strengthens ownership, involvement, and responsibility in the workplace.

Course Prerequisites:
Take NET-289(S21106); Take concurrently. Required.<br
Total Credits:1
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ACA-122: College Transfer Success

This course provides information and strategies necessary to develop clear academic and professional goals beyond the community college experience. Topics include the CAA, college policies and culture, career exploration, gathering information on senior institutions, strategic planning, critical thinking, and communications skills for a successful academic transition. Upon completion, students should be able to develop an academic plan to transition successfully to senior institutions.

Course Prerequisites:
Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take DRE-096(S23641); <br>Option: Take ENG-070(S16349) RED-070(S10648); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:1
Class Credits:0
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ACA-220: Professional Transition

This course provides preparation for meeting the demands of employment or education beyond the community college experience. Emphasis is placed on strategic planning, gathering information on workplaces or colleges, and developing human interaction skills for professional, academic, and/or community life. Upon completion, students should be able to successfully make the transition to appropriate workplaces or senior institutions.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:1
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-120: Principles of Financial Accounting

This course introduces business decision-making using accounting information systems. Emphasis is placed on analyzing, summarizing, reporting, and interpreting financial information. Upon completion, students should be able to prepare financial statements, understand the role of financial information in decision-making and address ethical considerations.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:4
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-121: Principles of Managerial Accounting

This course includes a greater emphasis on managerial and cost accounting skills. Emphasis is placed on managerial accounting concepts for external and internal analysis, reporting and decision-making. Upon completion, students should be able to analyze and interpret transactions relating to managerial concepts including product-costing systems.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ACC-120(S10290); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:4
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-122: Principles of Financial Accounting II

This course provides additional instruction in the financial accounting concepts and procedures introduced in ACC 120. Emphasis is placed on the analysis of specific balance sheet accounts, with in-depth instruction of the accounting principles applied to these accounts. Upon completion, students should be able to analyze data, prepare journal entries, and prepare reports in compliance with generally accepted accounting principles.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ACC-120(S20278); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-129: Individual Income Taxes

This course introduces the relevant laws governing individual income taxation. Topics include tax law, electronic research and methodologies, and the use of technology for preparation of individual income tax returns. Upon completion, students should be able to analyze basic tax scenarios, research applicable tax law, and complete various individual tax forms.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ACC-120(S20278); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-130: Business Income Taxes

This course introduces the relevant laws governing business and fiduciary income taxes. Topics include tax law relating to business organizations, electronic research and methodologies, and the use of technology for the preparation of business tax returns. Upon completion, students should be able to analyze basic tax scenarios, research applicable tax law, and complete various business tax forms.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ACC-129(S20283); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-131: Federal Income Taxes

This course provides an overview of federal income taxes for individuals, partnerships, and corporations. Topics include tax law, electronic research and methodologies and the use technology for the preparation of individual and business tax returns. Upon completion, students should be able to analyze basic tax scenarios, research applicable tax laws, and complete federal tax returns for individuals, partnerships, and corporations.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-132: NC Business Taxes

This course introduces the relevant laws governing North Carolina taxes as they apply to business. Topics include sales taxes, income taxes for business entities, payroll taxes, unemployment taxes, and other taxes pertaining to the State of North Carolina. Upon completion, students should be able to maintain a company's records to comply with the laws governing North Carolina business taxes.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-140: Payroll Accounting

This course covers federal and state laws pertaining to wages, payroll taxes, payroll tax forms, and journal and general ledger transactions. Emphasis is placed on computing wages; calculating social security, income, and unemployment taxes; preparing appropriate payroll tax forms; and journalizing/posting transactions. Upon completion, students should be able to analyze data, make appropriate computations, complete forms, and prepare accounting entries using appropriate technology.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ACC-115(S12924) or ACC-120(S10290); Take previously. Required.<br>Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take ACC-115(S12924) CIS-110(S21058); <br>Option: Take ACC-115(S12924) CIS-111(S21059); <br>Option: Take ACC-120(S10290) CIS-110(S21058); <br>Option: Take ACC-120(S10290) CIS-111(S21059); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-149: Introduction to Accounting Spreadsheets

This course provides a working knowledge of computer spreadsheets and their use in accounting. Topics include pre-programmed problems, model-building problems, beginning-level macros, graphics, and what-if analysis enhancements of template problems. Upon completion, students should be able to use a computer spreadsheet to complete many of the tasks required in accounting.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ACC-115(S12924) or ACC-120(S10290); Take previously. Required.<br>Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take ACC-115(S12924) CIS-110(S21058); <br>Option: Take ACC-115(S12924) CIS-111(S21059); <br>Option: Take ACC-120(S10290) CIS-110(S21058); <br>Option: Take ACC-120(S10290) CIS-111(S21059); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-150: Accounting Software Applications

This course introduces microcomputer applications related to accounting systems. Topics include general ledger, accounts receivable, accounts payable, inventory, payroll, and correcting, adjusting, and closing entries. Upon completion, students should be able to use a computer accounting package to accurately solve accounting problems.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ACC-115(S12924) or ACC-120(S10290); Take previously. Required.<br>Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take ACC-115(S12924) CIS-110(S21058); <br>Option: Take ACC-115(S12924) CIS-111(S21059); <br>Option: Take ACC-120(S10290) CIS-110(S21058); <br>Option: Take ACC-120(S10290) CIS-111(S21059); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-151: Accounting Spreadsheet Applications

This course is designed to facilitate the use of spreadsheet technology as applied to accounting principles. Emphasis is placed on using spreadsheet software as a problem-solving and decision-making tool. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an understanding of the principles involved and display an analytical problem-solving ability for the topics covered.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ACC-149(S16200); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-152: Advanced Software Applications

This course provides continued exposure to commercial accounting software and the opportunity to refine accounting software skills. Emphasis is placed on advanced applications of software packages. Upon completion, students should be able to use commercial software to complete complex accounting tasks.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ACC-150(S20275); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-175: Hotel and Restaurant Accounting

This course covers generally accepted accounting principles and the uniform system of accounts for small hotels and motels of the American Hotel and Motel Association. Emphasis is placed on the accounting cycle, analysis of financial statements, and payroll procedures including treatment of tips. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate competence in the accounting principles and procedures used in hotels and restaurants.

Course Prerequisites:
Take MAT-110(S23926); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:4
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-215: Ethics in Accounting

This course introduces students to professional codes of conduct and ethics adopted by professional associations and state licensing boards for accountants, auditors, and fraud examiners. Topics include research and discussion of selected historical and contemporary ethical cases and issues as they relate to accounting and business. Upon completion, students should be able to apply codes, interpret facts and circumstances, as they relate to accounting firms and business activities.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ACC-121(S20282); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-220: Intermediate Accounting I

This course is a continuation of the study of accounting principles with in-depth coverage of theoretical concepts and financial statements. Topics include generally accepted accounting principles and extensive analysis of balance sheet components. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate competence in the conceptual framework underlying financial accounting, including the application of financial standards.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ACC-120(S20278); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:4
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-221: Intermediate Accounting II

This course is a continuation of ACC 220. Emphasis is placed on special problems which may include leases, bonds, investments, ratio analyses, present value applications, accounting changes, and corrections. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an understanding of the principles involved and display an analytical problem-solving ability for the topics covered.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ACC-220(S10646); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:4
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-225: Cost Accounting

This course introduces the nature and purposes of cost accounting as an information system for planning and control. Topics include direct materials, direct labor, factory overhead, process, job order, and standard cost systems. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an understanding of the principles involved and display an analytical problem-solving ability for the topics covered.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ACC-121(S10328); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-227: Practices in Accounting

This course provides an advanced in-depth study of selected topics in accounting using case studies and individual and group problem solving. Topics include cash flow, financial statement analysis, individual and group problem solving, practical approaches to dealing with clients, ethics, and critical thinking. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate competent analytical skills and effective communication of their analysis in written and/or oral presentations.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ACC-220(S10646); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-240: Gov & Not-For-Profit Acct

This course introduces principles and procedures applicable to governmental and not-for-profit organizations. Emphasis is placed on various budgetary accounting procedures and fund accounting. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an understanding of the principles involved and display an analytical problem-solving ability for the topics covered.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ACC-121(S20282); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-268: Information Systems & Internal Controls

This course covers the design and operation of accounting information systems, with emphasis placed upon transaction cycles and the necessary controls for reliable data. Topics include accounting procedures; authorizing, documentation, and monitoring; flowcharting, data flow diagrams, and scheduling; and some auditing concepts. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an analytical problem-solving ability to communicate effectively their analysis in written and oral presentations.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ACC-121(S20282); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-269: Auditing & Assurance Services

This course introduces selected topics pertaining to the objectives, theory and practices in engagements providing auditing and other assurance services. Topics include planning, conducting and reporting, with emphasis on the related professional ethics and standards. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an understanding of the types of professional services, the related professional standards, and engagement methodology.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ACC-220(S10646); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ACC-270: International Accounting

This course includes identifying, recording, and interpreting financial information for accounting systems used in different countries. Topics include currency exchange rates, methods of setting and selecting transfer prices, practices used to account for rates of inflation, and major types of taxes. Upon completion, students should be able to describe accounting systems and their impacts on different currencies and demonstrate a basic knowledge of international accounting.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ACC-120(S20278); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-110: Introduction to Refrigeration

This course introduces the basic refrigeration process used in mechanical refrigeration and air conditioning systems. Topics include terminology, safety, and identification and function of components; refrigeration cycle; and tools and instrumentation used in mechanical refrigeration systems. Upon completion, students should be able to identify refrigeration systems and components, explain the refrigeration process, and use the tools and instrumentation of the trade.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:5
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:6
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-111: HVACR Electricity

This course introduces electricity as it applies to HVACR equipment. Emphasis is placed on power sources, interaction of electrical components, wiring of simple circuits, and the use of electrical test equipment. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate good wiring practices and the ability to read simple wiring diagrams.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-112: Heating Technology

This course covers the fundamentals of heating including oil, gas, and electric heating systems. Topics include safety, tools and instrumentation, system operating characteristics, installation techniques, efficiency testing, electrical power, and control systems. Upon completion, students should be able to explain the basic oil, gas, and electrical heating systems and describe the major components of a heating system.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:4
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:4
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-112AB: Heating Technology

This course covers the fundamentals of heating including oil, gas, and electric heating systems. Topics include safety, tools and instrumentation, system operating characteristics, installation techniques, efficiency testing, electrical power, and control systems. Upon completion, students should be able to explain the basic oil, gas, and electrical heating systems and describe the major components of a heating system.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-112BB: Heating Technology

This course covers the fundamentals of heating including oil, gas, and electric heating systems. Topics include safety, tools and instrumentation, system operating characteristics, installation techniques, efficiency testing, electrical power, and control systems. Upon completion, students should be able to explain the basic oil, gas, and electrical heating systems and describe the major components of a heating system.

Course Prerequisites:
Take AHR-112AB; Take either previously or concurrently. Required.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:0
Lab Credits:4
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-113: Comfort Cooling

This course covers the installation procedures, system operations, and maintenance of residential and light commercial comfort cooling systems. Topics include terminology, component operation, and testing and repair of equipment used to control and produce assured comfort levels. Upon completion, students should be able to use psychrometrics, manufacturer specifications, and test instruments to determine proper system operation.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:4
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:4
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-113C: Comfort Cooling

This course covers the installation procedures, system operations, and maintenance of residential and light commercial comfort cooling systems. Topics include terminology, component operation, and testing and repair of equipment used to control and produce assured comfort levels. Upon completion, students should be able to use psychrometrics, manufacturer specifications, and test instruments to determine proper system operation.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-113L: Comfort Cooling

This course covers the installation procedures, system operations, and maintenance of residential and light commercial comfort cooling systems. Topics include terminology, component operation, and testing and repair of equipment used to control and produce assured comfort levels. Upon completion, students should be able to use psychrometrics, manufacturer specifications, and test instruments to determine proper system operation.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:0
Lab Credits:4
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-114: Heat Pump Technology

This course covers the principles of air source and water source heat pumps. Emphasis is placed on safety, modes of operation, defrost systems, refrigerant charging, and system performance. Upon completion, students should be able to understand and analyze system performance and perform routine service procedures.

Course Prerequisites:
Take AHR-110(S23419) or AHR-113(S23422); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:4
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:4
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-115: Refrigeration Systems

This course introduces refrigeration systems and applications. Topics include defrost methods, safety and operational control, refrigerant piping, refrigerant recovery and charging, and leak testing. Upon completion, students should be able to assist in installing and testing refrigeration systems and perform simple repairs.

Course Prerequisites:
Take AHR-110(S14098); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-120: HVACR Maintenance

This course introduces the basic principles of industrial air conditioning and heating systems. Emphasis is placed on preventive maintenance procedures for heating and cooling equipment and related components. Upon completion, students should be able to perform routine preventive maintenance tasks, maintain records, and assist in routine equipment repairs.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-125: HVACR Electronics

This course introduces the common electronic control components in HVACR systems. Emphasis is placed on identifying electronic components and their functions in HVACR systems and motor-driven control circuits. Upon completion, students should be able to identify components, describe control circuitry and functions, and use test instruments to measure electronic circuit values and identify malfunctions.

Course Prerequisites:
Take AHR-111(S23420) ELC-111 or ELC-112(S21587); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-130: HVAC Controls

This course covers the types of controls found in residential and commercial comfort systems. Topics include electrical and electronic controls, control schematics and diagrams, test instruments, and analysis and troubleshooting of electrical systems. Upon completion, students should be able to diagnose and repair common residential and commercial comfort system controls.

Course Prerequisites:
Take AHR-111(S14148) ELC-111 or ELC-112(S21587); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-133: HVAC Servicing

The course covers the maintenance and servicing of HVAC equipment. Topics include testing, adjusting, maintaining, and troubleshooting HVAC equipment and record keeping. Upon completion, students should be able to adjust, maintain, and service HVAC equipment.

Course Prerequisites:
Take AHR-112(S23421) or AHR-113(S23422); Take either previously or concurrently. Required.<br
Total Credits:4
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:6
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-151: HVAC Duct Systems I

This course introduces the techniques used to lay out and fabricate duct work commonly found in HVAC systems. Emphasis is placed on the skills required to fabricate duct work. Upon completion, students should be able to lay out and fabricate simple duct work.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-160: Refrigerant Certification

This course covers the requirements for the EPA certification examinations. Topics include small appliances, high pressure systems, and low pressure systems. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate knowledge of refrigerants and be prepared for the EPA certification examinations.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:1
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-180: HVACR Customer Relations

This course introduces common business and customer relation practices that may be encountered in HVACR. Topics include business practices, appearance of self and vehicle, ways of handling customer complaints, invoices, telephone communications, and warranties. Upon completion, students should be able to present themselves to customers in a professional manner, understand how the business operates, complete invoices, and handle complaints.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:1
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-211: Residential System Design

This course introduces the principles and concepts of conventional residential heating and cooling system design. Topics include heating and cooling load estimating, basic psychrometrics, equipment selection, duct system selection, and system design. Upon completion, students should be able to design a basic residential heating and cooling system.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-212: Advanced Comfort Systems

This course covers water-cooled comfort systems, water-source/geothermal heat pumps, and high efficiency heat pump systems including variable speed drives and controls. Emphasis is placed on the application, installation, and servicing of water-source systems and the mechanical and electronic control components of advanced comfort systems. Upon completion, students should be able to test, analyze, and troubleshoot water-cooled comfort systems, water-source/geothermal heat pumps, and high efficiency heat pumps.

Course Prerequisites:
Take AHR-114(S14084); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:4
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:6
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-213: HVACR Building Code

This course covers the North Carolina codes that are applicable to the design and installation of HVACR systems. Topics include current North Carolina codes as applied to HVACR design, service, and installation. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate the correct usage of North Carolina codes that apply to specific areas of the HVACR trade.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-215: Commercial HVAC Controls

This course introduces HVAC control systems used in commercial applications. Topics include electric/electronic control systems, pneumatic control systems, DDC temperature sensors, humidity sensors, pressure sensors, wiring, controllers, actuators, and controlled devices. Upon completion, students should be able to verify or correct the performance of common control systems with regard to sequence of operation and safety.

Course Prerequisites:
Take AHR-111(S23420) ELC-111 or ELC-112(S23481); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-225: Commercial System Design

This course covers the principles of designing heating and cooling systems for commercial buildings. Emphasis is placed on commercial heat loss/gain calculations, applied psychometrics, air-flow calculations, air distribution system design, and equipment selection. Upon completion, students should be able to calculate heat loss/gain, design and size air and water distribution systems, and select equipment.

Course Prerequisites:
Take AHR-211(S10410); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-235: Refrigeration Design

This course covers the principles of commercial refrigeration system operation and design. Topics include walk-in coolers, walk-in freezers, system components, load calculations, equipment selection, defrost systems, refrigerant line sizing, and electric controls. Upon completion, students should be able to design, adjust, and perform routine service procedures on a commercial refrigeration system.

Course Prerequisites:
Take AHR-110(S14098); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-240: Hydronic Heating

This course covers the accepted procedures for proper design, installation, and balance of hydronic heating systems for residential or commercial buildings. Topics include heating equipment; pump, terminal unit, and accessory selection; piping system selection and design; and pipe sizing and troubleshooting. Upon completion, students should be able to assist with the proper design, installation, and balance of typical hydronic systems.

Course Prerequisites:
Take AHR-112(S14102); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-245: Chiller Systems

This course introduces the fundamentals of liquid chilling equipment. Topics include characteristics of water, principles of water chilling, the chiller, the refrigerant, water and piping circuits, freeze prevention, purging, and equipment flexibility. Upon completion, students should be able to describe the components, controls, and overall operation of liquid chilling equipment and perform basic maintenance tasks.

Course Prerequisites:
Take AHR-110(S14098); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-250: HVAC System Diagnostics

This course is a comprehensive study of air conditioning, heating, and refrigeration system diagnostics and corrective measures. Topics include advanced system analysis, measurement of operating efficiency, and inspection and correction of all major system components. Upon completion, students should be able to restore a residential or commercial AHR system so that it operates at or near manufacturers' specifications. This course also includes variable air volume box set-up, test and balance air and water systems.

Course Prerequisites:
Take AHR-212(S10365); Take either previously or concurrently. Required.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:0
Lab Credits:4
Clinic Credits:0

AHR-263: Energy Management

This course covers building automation computer programming as currently used in energy management. Topics include night setback, duty cycling, synchronization, schedule optimization, and anticipatory temperature control. Upon completion, students should be able to write programs utilizing the above topics and connect computer systems to HVAC systems.

Course Prerequisites:
Take AHR-125(S13194) or AHR-215(S10409); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

ALT-120: Renewable Energy Technologies

This course provides an introduction to multiple technologies that allow for the production and conservation of energy from renewable sources. Topics include hydo-electric, wind power, passive and active solar energy, tidal energy, appropriate building techniques, and energy conservation methods. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an understanding of renewable energy production and its impact on humans and their environment.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ELC-112(S23481); Take previously. Required.<br>Take ELC-117(S23521); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ANT-210: General Anthropology

This course introduces the physical, archaeological, linguistic, and ethnological fields of anthropology. Topics include human origins, genetic variations, archaeology, linguistics, primatology, and contemporary cultures. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an understanding of the four major fields of anthropology.

Course Prerequisites:
Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take ENG-090 RED-090; <br>Option: Take ENG-111(S13673); <br>Option: Take DRE-098(S23643); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ANT-220: Cultural Anthropology

This course introduces the nature of human culture. Emphasis is placed on cultural theory, methods of fieldwork, and cross-cultural comparisons in the areas of ethnology, language, and the cultural past. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an understanding of basic cultural processes and how cultural data are collected and analyzed.

Course Prerequisites:
Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take ENG-090 RED-090; <br>Option: Take ENG-111(S13673); <br>Option: Take DRE-098(S23643); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ANT-230: Physical Anthropology

This course introduces the scientific study of human evolution and adaptation. Emphasis is placed on evolutionary theory, population genetics, biocultural adaptation and human variation, as well as non-human primate evolution, morphology, and behavior. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an understanding of the biological and cultural processes which have resulted in the formation of the human species.

Course Prerequisites:
Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take ENG-090 RED-090; <br>Option: Take ENG-111(S13673); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ANT-230A: Physical Anthropology Lab

This course provides laboratory work that reinforces the material presented in ANT 230. Emphasis is placed on laboratory exercises which may include fossil identification, genetic analysis, skeletal comparisons, forensics, computer simulations, and field observations. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an understanding of the analytical skills employed by anthropologists in the study of primate evolution and variation.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ANT-230; Take either previously or concurrently. Required.<br>Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take ENG-090 RED-090; <br>Option: Take ENG-111(S13673); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:1
Class Credits:0
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ANT-240: Archaeology

This course introduces the scientific study of the unwritten record of the human past. Emphasis is placed on the process of human cultural evolution as revealed through archaeological methods of excavation and interpretation. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an understanding of how archaeologists reconstruct the past and describe the variety of past human cultures.

Course Prerequisites:
Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take ENG-090 RED-090; <br>Option: Take ENG-111(S13673); <br>Option: Take DRE-098(S23643); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ANT-245: World Prehistory

This course provides an introduction to the prehistory of the Old and New world. Emphasis is placed on archaeological evidence from origins of human culture to the beginning of recorded history. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate knowledge of the variability of ancient human societies and the development of agriculture and urbanism.

Course Prerequisites:
Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take ENG-090 RED-090; <br>Option: Take ENG-111(S13673); <br>Option: Take DRE-098(S23643); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ARA-111: Elementary Arabic I

This course introduces the fundamental elements of the modern standard Arabic language within the cultural context of Arabic-speaking people. Emphasis is placed on the development of basic listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. Upon completion, students should be able to comprehend and respond with grammatical accuracy to spoken and written Arabic and demonstrate cultural awareness.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ENG-090; Take previously. Required.<br>Take ARA-181; Take either previously or concurrently. Recommended.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ARA-112: Elementary Arabic II

This course includes the basic fundamental elements of the modern standard Arabic language within the cultural context of Arabic-speaking people. Emphasis is placed on the progressive development of listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills. Upon completion, students should be able to comprehend and respond with increasing proficiency to spoken and written Arabic and demonstrate further cultural awareness.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARA-111; Take previously. Required.<br>Take ARA-182; Take either previously or concurrently. Recommended.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ARA-181: Arabic Lab I

This course provides an opportunity to enhance acquisition of the fundamental elements of the modern standard Arabic language. Emphasis is placed on the development of basic listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills through the use of supplementary learning media and materials. Upon completion, students should be able to comprehend and respond with grammatical accuracy to spoken and written Arabic and to demonstrate cultural awareness.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ENG-090; Take previously. Required.<br>Take ARA-111; Take either previously or concurrently. Recommended.<br
Total Credits:1
Class Credits:0
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ARA-182: Arabic Lab II

This course provides an opportunity to enhance acquisition of the fundamental elements of the modern standard Arabic language. Emphasis is placed on the progressive development of basic listening, speaking, reading, and writing skills through the use of supplementary learning media and materials. Upon completion, students should be able to comprehend and respond with increasing proficiency to spoken and written Arabic and demonstrate cultural awareness.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARA-181; Take previously. Required.<br>Take ARA-112; Take either previously or concurrently. Recommended.<br
Total Credits:1
Class Credits:0
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ARA-211: Intermediate Arabic I

This course includes communicative competencies in speaking, listening comprehension, reading and writing at an intermediate level with attention to cultural awareness. Emphasis is placed on intermediate skills in speaking, reading, writing, and comprehension of spoken language. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate simple conversations and read works written in modern standard Arabic.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARA-112; Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ARA-212: Intermediate Arabic II

This course provides continuation of communicative competence in speaking, listening comprehension, reading and writing at an intermediate level with attention to cultural awareness. Emphasis is placed on intermediate skills in speaking, reading, writing, and comprehension of spoken language. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an ability to conduct conversations and to read literary and non-fiction texts in modern standard Arabic.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARA-211; Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-111: Introduction to Architectural Technology

This course introduces basic architectural drafting techniques, lettering, use of architectural and engineer scales, and sketching. Topics include orthographic, axonometric, and oblique drawing techniques using architectural plans, elevations, sections, and details; reprographic techniques; and other related topics. Upon completion, students should be able to prepare and print scaled drawings within minimum architectural standards.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:6
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-112: Construction Materials & Methods

This course introduces construction materials and methodologies. Topics include construction terminology, traditional and alternative materials and their properties, manufacturing processes, construction techniques, and other related topics. Upon completion, students should be able to detail construction assemblies and identify construction materials and properties.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-111; Take either previously or concurrently. Recommended.<br
Total Credits:4
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-113: Residential Architectural Technology

This course covers intermediate residential working drawings. Topics include residential plans, elevations, sections, details, schedules, and other related topics. Upon completion, students should be able to prepare a set of residential working drawings that are within accepted architectural standards.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-111; Take previously. Required.<br>Take ARC-112(S11752); Take either previously or concurrently. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:6
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-114: Architectural CAD

This course introduces basic architectural CAD techniques. Topics include basic commands and system hardware and software. Upon completion, students should be able to prepare and plot architectural drawings to scale within accepted architectural standards. This course is introduction to CAD using AutoCAD software. Course has a required co-requisite for ARC-111 or LAR-111.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-114A; Take either previously or concurrently. Recommended.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-114A: Architectural CAD Lab

This course provides a laboratory setting to enhance architectural CAD skills. Emphasis is placed on further development of commands and system operation. Upon completion, students should be able to prepare and plot scaled architectural drawings.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-114(S10248); Take either previously or concurrently. Required.<br
Total Credits:1
Class Credits:0
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-131: Building Codes

This course covers the methods of researching building codes for specific projects. Topics include residential and commercial building codes. Upon completion, students should be able to determine the code constraints governing construction projects.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-112(S23271) or CAR-111(S16248); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-132: Specifications & Contracts

This course covers the development of written specifications and the implications of different contractual arrangements. Topics include specification development, contracts, bidding material research, and agency responsibilities. Upon completion, students should be able to write a specification section and demonstrate the ability to interpret contractual responsibilities.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-112(S11752); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-141: Elementary Structures for Architecture

This course covers concepts of elementary structures in architecture. Topics include structural form, statics, strength of materials, structural behavior, and the relationship between structures and architectural form. Upon completion, students should be able to size simple structural elements.

Course Prerequisites:
Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take ARC-111 MAT-121(S23927); <br>Option: Take ARC-111 MAT-171(S23934); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:4
Class Credits:4
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-211: Light Construction Technology

This course covers working drawings for light construction. Topics include plans, elevations, sections, and details; schedules; and other related topics. Upon completion, students should be able to prepare a set of working drawings which are within accepted architectural standards.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-111; Take previously. Required.<br>Take ARC-112(S11752); Take either previously or concurrently. Required.<br>Take ARC-113 ARC-114(S10248) ARC-212(S10754); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:6
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-212: Commercial Constr Tech

This course introduces regional construction techniques for commercial plans, elevations, sections, and details. Topics include production of a set of commercial contract documents and other related topics. Upon completion, students should be able to prepare a set of working drawings in accordance with building codes.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-111; Take previously. Required.<br>Take ARC-112(S11752); Take either previously or concurrently. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:6
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-213: Design Project

This course provides the opportunity to design and prepare a set of contract documents within an architectural setting. Topics include schematic design, design development, construction documents, and other related topics. Upon completion, students should be able to prepare a set of commercial contract documents.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-111 ARC-112(S11752) ARC-114(S10248); Take previously. Required.<br>Take ARC-111 ARC-112(S11752) ARC-113 ARC-114(S10248) ARC-211; Take previously. Required.<br>Take ARC-264(S12557); Take either previously or concurrently. Recommended.<br
Total Credits:4
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:6
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-214: Architectural Statics

This course covers the concepts of elementary statics as applied to architecture. Topics include forces, resultants, and types of force system; equations of equilibrium; reactions of simple architectural structures; internal forces in architectural roof trusses; frames and beams; centroids and moments of inertia as applied to architecture. Upon completion, students should be able to solve problems which require the ability to analyze systems of forces in static equilibrium as applied to architectural forms.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-111 ARC-112(S11752) MAT-121(S13643); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-220: Advanced Architectural CAD

This course provides file management, productivity, and CAD customization skills. Emphasis is placed on developing advanced proficiency techniques. Upon completion, students should be able to create prototype drawings and symbol libraries, compose sheets with multiple details, and use advanced drawing and editing commands. This course is advanced CAD using AutoCAD software.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-114(S10248); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-221: Architectural 3-D CAD

This course introduces architectural three-dimensional CAD applications. Topics include three-dimensional drawing, coordinate systems, viewing, rendering, modeling, and output options. Upon completion, students should be able to prepare architectural three-dimensional drawings and renderings.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-114(S10248); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:4
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-225: Architectural Building Information Modeling I

This course is an introduction to the fundamentals of Building Information Modeling (BIM) as a construction documentation system. Topics include basic parametric modeling, creating new types and families of components, and using 3D models to create design drawings. Upon competition, students should be able to use BIM software to create, edit, and print rudimentary architectural 3D computer models.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-225A: Architectural Building Information Modeling I Lab

This course provides a laboratory setting to enhance architectural BIM skills. Emphasis is placed on further development of basic parametric modeling, creating new types and families of components. Upon competition, students should be able to use BIM software to create, edit, and print rudimentary architectural 3D computer models.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-225; Take either previously or concurrently. Required.<br
Total Credits:1
Class Credits:0
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-226: Architectural Building Information Modeling II

This course covers advanced concepts of Building Information Modeling (BIM) including complex drawing generation and inter-disciplinary collaboration. Topics include advanced parametric modeling and model analysis, inter-disciplinary coordination, design web format models, material take-off, schedules, and rendering. Upon completion, students should be able to apply BIM software to create full 3D project models and convert them to scaled working or presentation drawings.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-225; Take previously. Required.<br>Take ARC-212(S10754) ARC-225; Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-226A: Architectural Building Information Modeling II Lab

This course provides a laboratory setting to enhance advanced architectural BIM skills. Emphasis is placed on further development of advanced parametric modeling and model analysis, inter-disciplinary coordination, design web format models, material take-off, schedules, and rendering. Upon completion, students should be able to apply BIM software to create full 3D project models and convert them to scaled working or presentation drawings.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-225; Take previously. Required.<br>Take ARC-226; Take either previously or concurrently. Required.<br>Take ARC-212(S10754) ARC-225; Take previously. Required.<br>Take ARC-226; Take concurrently. Required.<br
Total Credits:1
Class Credits:0
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-230: Environmental Systems

This course introduces plumbing, mechanical (HVAC), and electrical systems for the architectural environment. Topics include basic plumbing, mechanical, and electrical systems for residential and/or commercial buildings with an introduction to selected code requirements. Upon completion, students should be able to develop schematic drawings for plumbing, mechanical, and electrical systems and perform related calculations.

Course Prerequisites:
Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take ARC-111 MAT-121(S23927); <br>Option: Take ARC-111 MAT-171(S23934); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:4
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-231: Architectural Presentations

This course introduces architectural presentation techniques. Topics include perspective drawing, shadow projection, texturization, rendered plans, elevations, and other related topics. Upon completion, students should be able to present ideas graphically and do rendered presentation drawings.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-111; Take previously. Required.<br>Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take ARC-111 ARC-264(S22026); <br>Option: Take ARC-111 ARC-225; Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:4
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:4
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-235: Architectural Portfolio

This course covers the methodology for the creation of an architectural portfolio. Topics include preparation of marketing materials and a presentation strategy using conventional and/or digital design media. Upon completion, students should be able to produce an architectural portfolio of selected projects.

Course Prerequisites:
Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take ARC-113; <br>Option: Take LAR-113(S23293); <br>Option: Take DES-230(S10589); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-240: Site Planning

This course introduces the principles of site planning, grading plans, and earthwork calculations. Topics include site analysis, site work, site utilities, cut and fill, soil erosion control, and other related topics. Upon completion, students should be able to prepare site development plans and details and perform cut and fill calculations.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-111 or LAR-111(S10088); Take previously. Required.<br>Take ARC-111 or LAR-111(S23291); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:2
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-241: Contract Administration

This course covers the techniques for reviewing the progress of construction projects. Topics include site observations, field reports, applications for payment, change orders, and other related topics. Upon completion, students should be able to review construction progress and produce appropriate documentation.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-111 ARC-112(S11752) LAR-111(S10088) or LAR-112(S10042); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-250: Survey of Architecture

This course introduces the historical trends in architectural form. Topics include historical and current trends in architecture. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an understanding of significant historical and current architectural styles.

Course Prerequisites:
None
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-261: Solar Technology

This course introduces passive and active solar design theory and application. Topics include passive solar design, active solar theory, heat loss analysis, and other related topics. Upon completion, students should be able to design a passive solar system.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-111; Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:2
Clinic Credits:0

ARC-264: Digital Architecture

This course covers multiple digital architectural techniques. Topics include spreadsheets and word processing procedures, on-line resources, modems, e-mail, image capture, multimedia, and other related topics. Upon completion, students should be able to transmit/receive electronic data, create multimedia presentations, and produce a desktop publishing document.

Course Prerequisites:
Take ARC-112(S23271) or LAR-112(S23292); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:2
Class Credits:1
Lab Credits:3
Clinic Credits:0

ART-111: Art Appreciation

This course introduces the origins and historical development of art. Emphasis is placed on the relationship of design principles to various art forms including but not limited to sculpture, painting, and architecture. Upon completion, students should be able to identify and analyze a variety of artistic styles, periods, and media.

Course Prerequisites:
Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take ENG-090 RED-090; <br>Option: Take DRE-098(S23643); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ART-114: Art History Survey I

This course covers the development of art forms from ancient times to the Renaissance. Emphasis is placed on content, terminology, design, and style. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an historical understanding of art as a product reflective of human social development.

Course Prerequisites:
Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take ENG-090 RED-090; <br>Option: Take DRE-098(S23643); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ART-115: Art History Survey II

This course covers the development of art forms from the Renaissance to the present. Emphasis is placed on content, terminology, design, and style. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an historical understanding of art as a product reflective of human social development.

Course Prerequisites:
Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take ENG-090 RED-090; <br>Option: Take DRE-098(S23643); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ART-116: Survey of American Art

This course covers the development of American art forms from colonial times to the present. Emphasis is placed on architecture, painting, sculpture, graphics, and the decorative arts. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate understanding of the history of the American creative experience.

Course Prerequisites:
Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take ENG-090 RED-090; <br>Option: Take ENG-111(S13673); <br>Option: Take DRE-098(S23643); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0

ART-117: Non-Western Art History

This course introduces non-Western cultural perspectives. Emphasis is placed on, but not limited to, African, Oriental, and Oceanic art forms throughout history. Upon completion, students should be able to demonstrate an historical understanding of art as a product reflective of non-Western social and cultural development.

Course Prerequisites:
Take 1 group; <br>Option: Take ENG-090 RED-090; <br>Option: Take DRE-098(S23643); Take previously. Required.<br
Total Credits:3
Class Credits:3
Lab Credits:0
Clinic Credits:0